KARAKTERISTIK FISIK DAN KIMIA DARI PRODUK BIOINDUSTRI CANGKANG JAMBU METE (Anacardium occidentale) / Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Bioindustry Products of Cashewnuts Shell (Anacardium occidentale)

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dc.contributor Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan id-ID
dc.creator Saenab, Andi
dc.creator Wiryawan, K. G.; Dosen IPB
dc.creator Y., Retnani; Dosen IPB
dc.creator Wina, E.; Peneliti Balitnak Ciawi, Bogor
dc.date 2017-01-25
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-24T01:40:42Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-24T01:40:42Z
dc.date.issued 2017-01-25
dc.identifier http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jptip/article/view/3091
dc.identifier 10.21082/littri.v22n2.2016.81-90
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.pertanian.go.id/handle/123456789/1565
dc.description The shell of the cashew nut industry waste has the potential to produce a product that is biofat bioindustry, biochar and biosmoke. The research aims to produce three products bioindustry, observe the physical and chemical characteristics. Eggshell processed into a particle size of 1 cm and 2 mm size, extracted with hexane and extraction evaporated to obtain Biofat. The residue biofat charred shell after the extract to produce Biochar and Biosmoke. Proximate analysis performed on fresh shells, biofat, biochar and biosmoke. The result biofat yield increased three-fold when the size of the shell is reduced to 2 mm (17.81 g/100g BK), while biochar and biosmoke increased two-fold when the size of the shell is enlarged 1 cm (30.82 g/100g BK and 5:13 g/100g BK). Biofat containing coarse fat and high total phenol (94.43 g/100g biofat, 46 mg/100g biofat) and total phenol containing biosmoke quite high (7.2 mg/100g biosmoke) on a large particle size. The results of GC-MS analysis showed biofat and biosmoke acidic anacardic high (74%) and biochar contains minerals especially high ash content (6:56%), Ca (0.69%), and P (12:23%) 2-fold increase in the particle size of the shell smaller than the large. Mineral Fe (695 mg/kg) more contained shells of large particles, whereas the characteristic biosmoke have a high acid content (pH 3). Cashew nut shell bioindustry products have specific physical and chemical characteristics to be used in various fields including livestock, agriculture or food. id-ID
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language ind
dc.publisher Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan en-US
dc.relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jptip/article/view/3091/pdf_1
dc.rights Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri en-US
dc.rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 en-US
dc.source 2528-6870
dc.source 0853-8212
dc.source Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri; Vol 22, No 2 (2016): Juni, 2016; 81-90 en-US
dc.title KARAKTERISTIK FISIK DAN KIMIA DARI PRODUK BIOINDUSTRI CANGKANG JAMBU METE (Anacardium occidentale) / Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Bioindustry Products of Cashewnuts Shell (Anacardium occidentale) id-ID
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.type Peer-reviewed Article en-US


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