Cara Pengendalian Nonkimiawi terhadap Serangga Vektor Kutudaun dan Intensitas Serangan Penyakit Virus Mosaik pada Tanaman Cabai Merah

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dc.contributor en-US
dc.creator Gunaeni, Nani
dc.creator Wulandari, AW
dc.date 2013-08-02
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-02T06:25:49Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-02T06:25:49Z
dc.date.issued 2013-08-02
dc.identifier http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort/article/view/704
dc.identifier 10.21082/jhort.v20n4.2010.p%p
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.pertanian.go.id/handle/123456789/977
dc.description ABSTRAK. Penyakit virus mosaik pada cabai merupakan salah satu penyakit penting yang disebabkan olehvirus dan dapat menular dari tanaman sakit ke tanaman sehat lain melalui vektor kutu daun. Penelitian bertujuanmendapatkan cara pengendalian vektor dan penyakit virus mosaik pada cabai yang efektif dan ramah lingkungan.Perlakuan pengendalian nonkimiawi disusun dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan empat kali ulangan. Penelitiandilakukan di Subang pada 700 m dpl. sejak bulan Juni sampai dengan Desember 2005. Perlakuan yang diuji ialah:(1) perangkap baki kuning, (2) tanaman pinggiran kubis, (3) mulsa plastik perak, (4) mulsa plastik hitam, (5) mulsajerami, (6) insektisida dengan bahan aktif imidakloprid dan profenofos 1x /minggu, dan (7) kontrol. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan bahwa perlakuan mulsa plastik perak maupun hitam berpengaruh paling baik terhadap penekananpopulasi vektor sebesar 78-88%, serangan penyakit virus mosaik sebesar 68-77% ataupun hama sebesar 57-73% danpenyakit cabai lainnya 50-60% (penyakit antraknos, lalat buah, dan penyakit busuk buah), serta meningkatkan hasilbuah cabai sehat sekitar 2-4 kali hasil pada perlakuan kontrol.ABSTRACT. Gunaeni, N. and A.W. Wulandari. 2010. Nonchemical Control Methods on Vector Populationand Plant Damages Due to Mosaic Virus Diseases on Hot Pepper. Mosaic diseases of pepper is one of the mostimportant problems caused by viruses. The disease spread from the infected plants to healthy ones via aphids as viralvectors. The obejective of this study was to obtain effective and environmentally friendly control measures of viralvectors and mosaic virus diseases. The experiment was conducted at Subang with the elevation of about 700 m asl.from June to December 2005. A randomized block design with four replications was used in this experiment. Thetreatments were: (1) yellow traps, (2) cabbage plants as a border, (3) silver plastic mulch, (4) black plastic mulch, (5)straws mulch, (6) spray with insecticide with active ingredient imidakloprid and profenofos 1 x/week, and (7) control.The results showed that: (1) the treatment did not affect plant height, but did to canopy width, (2) the silver and blackplastic mulch gave the best effect in suppressing vector population 78-88%, intensities of mosaic virus diseases 68-77%, other pest 57-73% and diseases on hot pepper 50-60% i.e. anthracnose, fruitfly, and fruit root disease, and (3)the treatments maintained yield of healthy fruit up to four times, over the control treatment. en-US
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development en-US
dc.relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort/article/view/704/555
dc.rights Copyright (c) 2013 Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development en-US
dc.rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 en-US
dc.source 2502-5120
dc.source 0853-7097
dc.source Jurnal Hortikultura; Vol 20, No 4 (2010): Desember 2010 en-US
dc.title Cara Pengendalian Nonkimiawi terhadap Serangga Vektor Kutudaun dan Intensitas Serangan Penyakit Virus Mosaik pada Tanaman Cabai Merah en-US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.type Peer-reviewed Article en-US


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