ANALISIS MUTU BERAS DAN PENERAPAN SISTEM JAMINAN MUTU DALAM PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN USAHA PANGAN MASYARAKAT (Analysis of Rice Quality and Assurance System Implementations in Society Agrifood Bussiness Development Program)
Sarastuti, Sarastuti; Institut Pertanian Bogor
Ahmad, Usman; Institut Pertanian Bogor
Sutrisno, Sutrisno; Institut Pertanian Bogor
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Society Agrifood Bussiness Development (SABD) is one of government programs in order to maintain the stability of price and supply of rice and milled rice. Rice milling unit managed by farmers group called Society Agrifood Bussiness Agency (SABA) receives financial support from government to buy rice from farmers and convert ito be milled rice. Milled rice produced by SABA distributed to Indonesian Farmers Market (IFM) as retailer through the Center of Indonesian Farmers Market (CIFM) as the distribution agency to sell to the end cosumers below price standard stipulated by the government regulations of the Minister of Agriculture No. 31/Permentan/OT.140/2017 which determine the price standard of milled rice based on its quality. Study aims to identify the quality of milled rice produced by SABA and to evaluate the quality assurance system implementations in its processing. Survey was conducted on six respondent from total of 81 SABA rice supplier from Jabodetabek. Data collecting was conducted through interviews, field observations, and sampling of rice/milled rice based on SNI 19-0428-1998 for solid sampling instructions. Laboratory quality analysis was conducted based on the method in SNI 01-0224-1987 for rice and SNI 6128: 2015 for milled rice. All of six respondent of SABA were not qualified to the quality standard stated in the Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No. 31/Permentan/OT.140/2017 because the moisture content, number of broken rice and minute kernels were higher and milling degree was lower than the requirement. It was also found that quality assurance implementations of Good Handling Practices (GHP) and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in rice postharvest handling has not been fully implemented by SABA. Many factors were suspected causing the low quality of milled rice such as the operator’s subjectivity in quality control of the drying and milling process, the used of old milling machine, and inadequate operator’s skill to operate the milling machine.