Enhance in-vitro rumen fermentation of Panicum maximum with biological supplements

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dc.contributor International Atomic Energy Agency en-US
dc.creator Chathurika, Sumudu
dc.creator Sujani, Sathya; Lecturer Department of Animal Science Faculty of Agriculture University of Ruhuna Sri Lanka
dc.creator Manawadu, Ariyathilaka; Senior Lecturer
dc.creator Seresinhe, Thakshala; Emeritus Professor
dc.date 2019-07-16
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-09T09:39:16Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-09T09:39:16Z
dc.identifier http://medpub.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jitv/article/view/1963
dc.identifier 10.14334/jitv.v24i2.1963
dc.description Recently the utilization of biological feed additives over chemical feed additives in animal feeds have increased. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of supplementing wild guinea grass (panicum maximum) with two plant species, artocarpus heterophyllus (jack leaves; ah) and tridax procumbens (Tp) containing plant secondary metabolites tannin and saponin, respectively and the enzyme product dyadic cellulase (Ce) and yeast (Ye). For each suplement two levels of treatments were tested. In plant-based suplements 20 (Aht1, Tpt1) and 30% (Aht2 and Tpt2) substituted the base substrate. The enzyme was applied as 10 µl (Cet1) and 20 µl (Cet2) and yeast as 4 mg (Yet1) and 6 mg (Yet2). the experimental design was a randomized complete block design (rcbd) and the period of in vitro rumen fermentation incubation was 72 hrs. All treatments significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the in vitro gas production (Ivgp) compared with the control. Treatments of ah and ce significantly (P < 0.05) improved the in vitro rumen dry matter degradability (ivrdmd). All treatments significantly (P<0.05) suppressed the ruminal protozoa population as compared to the control. Ammonia nitrogen (Nh3-N) production was not significantly (P>0.05) influenced with supplements. in conclusion, treatments enhanced the rumen fermentation in means of enhanced ivgp, ivrdmd and reduced protozoa numbers. en-US
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD) en-US
dc.relation http://medpub.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jitv/article/view/1963/1630
dc.rights Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner en-US
dc.source Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner; Vol 24, No 2 (2019): JUNE 2019; 68-72 en-US
dc.source 2252-696X
dc.source 0853-7380
dc.subject Artocarpus heterophyllus, Tridax procumbens, Cellulase, Yeast, Protozoa, rumen fermentation en-US
dc.title Enhance in-vitro rumen fermentation of Panicum maximum with biological supplements en-US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.type Peer-reviewed Article en-US

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