Uji Daya Hasil Genotipe Tebu Potensial di Lahan Kering

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dc.contributor id-ID
dc.creator Abdurrakhman, Abdurrakhman; Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat, Malang
dc.creator Heliyanto, Bambang
dc.creator Djumali, Djumali
dc.creator Damanhuri, Damanhuri
dc.creator Ardiarini, Noer Rahmi
dc.date 2018-08-31
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-25T07:36:22Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-25T07:36:22Z
dc.identifier http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultas/article/view/8239
dc.identifier 10.21082/btsm.v10n1.2018.31-40
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.pertanian.go.id/handle/123456789/6748
dc.description  Pengembangan tebu di Indonesia saat ini sebagian besar terdapat di lahan kering, oleh karena itu perakitan varietas toleran kekeringan merupakan suatu langkah yang bijaksana, karena merupakan pendekatan yang paling mudah aplikasinya dan ekonomis. Saat ini telah diperoleh beberapa genotipe harapan tebu untuk lahan kering. Penelitian ini bertujuan unuk mengkaji daya hasil genotipe tebu hasil persilangan untuk pengembangan di lahan kering. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kebun Percobaan Ngemplak, Pati dari bulan Januari sampai dengan November 2017, menggunakan 8 genotipe tebu yang berpotensi toleran kering dibandingkan dengan 2 varietas PS 864 dan Kenthung) sebagai pembanding. Penelitian disusun dalam Rancangan Acak Kelompok yang diulang tiga kali. Petak yang digunakan berukuran 5 m x 10 m, serta jarak pusat ke pusat (PKP) 1 m, atau 10 juring dengan panjang masing-masing 5 m. Parameter yang diamati meliputi tinggi tanaman, diameter batang, jumlah batang per meter juring, jumlah ruas, panjang batang, bobot batang, nilai brix nira batang bagian atas, tengah dan bawah, rendemen serta hasil hablur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa genotipe berpengaruh terhadap keragaan hasil tebu dan komponen hasilnya. Genotipe MLG 1308 mempunyai produksi hablur tertinggi diantara genotipe lain, 21% lebih tinggi dibandingkan varietas pembanding PS 864 dan 156% dibandingkan dengan Kenthung. Dengan demikian genotipe MLG 1308 adalah genotipe harapan untuk pengembangan tebu di lahan kering Yield Test of  Potential  Genotypes of Sugarcane in Dry  ConditionsSugarcane cultivation in Indonesia have been mostly done in dry lands, therefore consructing tolerant varieties to dry-agro-ecological condition is a wise decision as it is easily applicable and economically feasible. Currently, some genotypes tolerant to dry condition have been identified. This research was aimed to test the yield performance of potentially drought tolerant genotypes. The reserch was done in Research Station Ngemplak, Pati on January to December 2018, used 8 genotypes and two varieties (PS 864 and Kenthung) as comparision varieties. The research used randomized block design with 3 replicates. Plot size was 5 m x 10 m and the distance from center to center was 1 m, 10 rows with length 5 m per row. The parameters observed were plant height, stem diameter, number of stalk per m row, number of internode per stalk, length and weight of stalk, upper stem brix, mid and lower, sugar content/sucrose content and sugar yield per ha. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan Multiple Range Test at 5% level. Results showed that genotypes affected the performances of yield and its component characters. MLG 1308 showed the highest sugar yield per ha among the other genotypes, 21 % and 156 % higher than that of variety PS 864 and Kenthung varieties, respectively. Therefore, genotype MLG 1308 is considered as a promising genotype to support the development of sugarcane in dry areas. id-ID
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pemanis dan Serat en-US
dc.relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultas/article/view/8239/7877
dc.relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultas/article/downloadSuppFile/8239/460
dc.rights Copyright (c) 2018 Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri en-US
dc.rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 en-US
dc.source Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri; Vol 10, No 1 (2018): April 2018; 32-38 en-US
dc.source Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri; Vol 10, No 1 (2018): April 2018; 32-38 id-ID
dc.source 2406-8853
dc.source 2085-6717
dc.subject Saccharum officinarum, uji daya hasil, lahan kering, genotipa unggul, adaptation test, dry land, superior varieties id-ID
dc.title Uji Daya Hasil Genotipe Tebu Potensial di Lahan Kering id-ID
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.type en-US


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