Dynamics of Indonesian Robusta Coffee Competition Among Major Competitor Countries

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dc.contributor Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia en-US
dc.contributor Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB en-US
dc.contributor id-ID
dc.creator Rosiana, Nia; Major of Agricultural Economics, Graduate School of Bogor Agricultural University
dc.creator Nurmalina, Rita; Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University
dc.creator Winandi, Ratna; Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University
dc.creator Rifin, Amzul; Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University
dc.date 2018-03-30
dc.identifier http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultri/article/view/7882
dc.identifier 10.21082/jtidp.v5n1.2018.p1-10
dc.description Fluctuations in Indonesian Robusta coffee exports occurred along with a declining trend in coffee exports compared to major competitor countries over the past fifteen years.  This research aimed to analyze the dynamics of the competitiveness of Indonesian Robusta coffee exports and the level of competition among the major competitor countries such as Vietnam and India. The methods used are Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA), and Rank Spearman Correlation. These methods were selected to analyze changes in competition level within 15 years’ time dimension (2000–2015) as well as to analyze the relationships among competing countries, which may affect Robusta coffee market of each country. The analysis showed that Indonesia's coffee competitiveness tends to increase compared to the two major competitors of Robusta coffee exporter of the world such as Vietnam and India. However, Indonesia's coffee competitiveness is still a half below Vietnam. The Indonesian coffee rivalry against Vietnam and India is not significantly correlated due to the different markets of export destination countries.  Increasing competitiveness and the strength of competition in export market can be done through quality improvement and continuity of domestic Robusta coffee in accordance to the demand of world consumers. en-US
dc.description Dalam kurun waktu lima belas tahun terakhir, terjadi fluktuasi ekspor kopi Robusta Indonesia dengan kecenderungan yang semakin menurun dibandingkan negara pesaing utama. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis dinamika daya saing ekspor kopi Robusta Indonesia dan tingkat persaingan antar negara pesaing utama, seperti Vietnam dan India. Metode yang digunakan, yaitu Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA), dan Rank Spearman Correlation. Metode tersebut digunakan untuk menganalisis perubahan tingkat persaingan dalam dimensi waktu 15 tahun (2000–2015) serta menganalisis hubungan antar negara pesaing yang dapat memengaruhi pasar kopi Robusta setiap negara. Hasil analisis menunjukkan daya saing kopi Indonesia cenderung meningkat dibandingkan dua pesaing utama pengekspor kopi Robusta dunia, seperti Vietnam dan India. Namun, daya saing kopi Indonesia masih setengah kali di bawah Vietnam. Persaingan kopi Indonesia dengan Vietnam dan India tidak berkorelasi signifikan karena perbedaan pasar negara tujuan ekspor. Peningkatan daya saing dan kekuatan kompetisi di pasar ekspor dapat dilakukan melalui peningkatan kualitas serta kontinuitas kopi Robusta domestik sesuai dengan permintaan konsumen dunia. id-ID
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan en-US
dc.relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/bultri/article/view/7882/7384
dc.rights Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar en-US
dc.rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 en-US
dc.source Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar; Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar; 1-10 en-US
dc.source Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar; Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar; 1-10 id-ID
dc.source 2528-7222
dc.source 2356-1297
dc.subject Competitiveness; DRCA; rank spearman correlation; RCA; Robusta coffee en-US
dc.subject Q02, Q17 en-US
dc.subject Daya saing; DRCA; kopi Robusta; korelasi rank spearman; RCA id-ID
dc.subject id-ID
dc.title Dynamics of Indonesian Robusta Coffee Competition Among Major Competitor Countries en-US
dc.title Dinamika Persaingan Kopi Robusta Indonesia dengan Negara-Negara Pesaing Utama id-ID
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.type en-US


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