Stabilitas Hasil Jagung Varietas Hibrida Harapan Umur Genjah
Priyanto, Slamet Bambang; Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia Jalan Dr. Ratulangi 274 Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
Iriani, R. Nenny; Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia Jalan Dr. Ratulangi 274 Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
M., Andi Takdir; Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia Jalan Dr. Ratulangi 274 Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
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Maize yield represents the interaction between genotype and environment. An excellent genotype should have high mean yield and small variation across common locations.This information could be obtained through yield performance test and stability analysis of yield data obtained from multilocation trials. This research was aimed to find out yield stability of eight early maturing maize promising lines at five sites using the AMMI method. There were total 12 genotypes of maize hybrids used in this research, consisted of eight hybrids (CH-1, CH-2, CH-3, CH-4, CH-5, CH-6, CH-7, and CH-8) and four check varieties (Gumarang, Bima 3, AS-1, and Bisi 2). This research was conducted at five locations ie. Gowa (South Sulawesi), Donggala (Central Sulawesi), Manado (North Sulawesi), Probolinggo (East Java) and Lombok Barat (West Nusa Tenggara) from April to September 2013. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications. Variable measured was grain yield at all trial locations. Analysis of variance was performed for each site data to determine the performance of each genotype at each location. Results showed that genotype CH-2, CH-4 and CH-6 were considered as stable genotypes. Genotype CH-2 and CH-4 have a potensial to be released as new early maturing variety, due to its high yield of 8.71 and 7.52 t/ha averaged over 5 locations. Genotype CH-6 yielded below the mean yield of all genotypes, while genotype CH-8 was adaptive to a specific location, such as in Donggala, with yield of 8.38 t/ha.